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Renewable energy in Australia

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Renewable energy in Australia includes wind powerhydroelectricitysolar PV, heat pumps, geothermal, wave and solar thermal energy.

In 2019, Australia met its 2020 renewable energy target of 23.5% and 33 terawatt-hours (TWh).[2] Australia produced 378.7 PJ of overall renewable energy (including renewable electricity) in 2018 which accounted for 6.2% of Australia’s total energy use (6,146 PJ).[3] Renewable energy grew by an annual average of 3.2% in the ten years between 2007-2017 and by 5.2% between 2016-2017. This contrasts to growth in coal (-1.9%), oil (1.7%) and gas (2.9%) over the same ten year period.[3] It is estimated that Australia produced 55,093 gigawatt-hours (GWh) of renewable electricity in 2019, which accounted for 24.0% of the total amount of electricity generated in Australia.[4]

Similar to many other countries, development of renewable energy in Australia has been encouraged by government energy policy implemented in response to concerns about climate changeenergy independence and economic stimulus.[5]